Former President of Mexico
• Former President of Mexico (1994-2000);
• High Level Panel on Funding and Development, Chair;
• London School of Economics, visiting professor;
• Center for Globalization Studies at Yale University, Director;
• Forbes magazine, columnist;
• Central Bank of Mexico, economist, deputy manager of economic research, general director of a trust fund, and deputy director of the bank (1978-1998);
• Secretary of Education (1992);
• Secretary of Programming and Budget (1988);
• Undersecretary of Planning and Budget in the Secretariat of Programming and Planning (1987); and
• Colegio de Mexico and the National Polytechnic Institute, professor of macroeconomics and international economics.
AWARDS, BOARD MEMBERSHIPS AND AFFILIATIONS:
• Procter and Gamble, member of the Board of Directors;
• Union Pacific, member of the Board of Directors;
• ALCOA, member of the Board of Directors;
• Daimler-Chrysler, advisor;
• Coca Cola, advisor;
• Doctorates Honoris Causa from Yale and Harvard Universities;
• Franklin D. Roosevelt Freedom from Fear Award;
• Gold Insigne of the Council of the Americas;
• Tribuna Americana Award of the Casa de America of Madrid; and
• Berkeley Medal from UC Berkeley.
• Advanced School of Economics at the National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico (Degree in Economics); and
• Yale University (M.A., M.Phil. and PhD in Economics).
Climate change caused by ocean, not just atmosphere
ScienceDaily: Most of the concerns about climate change have focused on the amount of greenhouse gases that have been released into the atmosphere.
But in a new study published in Science, a group of Rutgers researchers have found that circulation of the ocean plays an equally important role in regulating the earth's climate.
In their study, the researchers say the major cooling of Earth and continental ice build-up in the Northern Hemisphere 2.7 million years ago coincided with a shift in the circulation...
Ocean circulation; a major factor in climate change
Zee News: It isn't just the atmosphere, but the circulation of the oceans plays an equally important role in regulating the Earth's climate, new research shows.
The study revealed that the cooling of Earth and continental ice build-up in the Northern Hemisphere 2.7 million years ago coincided with a shift in the circulation of the ocean - which pulls in heat and carbon dioxide in the Atlantic and moves them through the deep ocean from north to south until it's released in the Pacific.
The ocean conveyor...
The Simple Reason Behind Why Europe Can Have Climate Targets and the U.S. Can't
Truthdig: The European Union climate summit has agreed to cut emissions by 40% by 2030, after hard bargaining by Poland and the UK failed to derail an agreement.
The 28 nations of the EU also agreed to improve energy efficiency by 27% over the next decade and a half, and to ensure a continent-wide proportion of at least 27% renewable energy market share.
In contrast, the production of carbon dioxide in the US increased in 2013, from roughly by 2.5 percent at a time when scientists are frantically signaling...
Nation's 'personality' influences its environmental stewardship, shows new study
ScienceDaily: Countries with higher levels of compassion and openness score better when it comes to environmental sustainability, says research from the University of Toronto.
A new study by Jacob Hirsh, an Assistant Professor of Organizational Behaviour & Human Resource Management at the University of Toronto Mississauga's Institute for Management & Innovation, who is cross-appointed to UofT's Rotman School of Management, demonstrates that a country's personality profile can predict its environmental sustainability...
Japan coal power plant export push hits US resistance
Reuters: The United States has challenged the Japanese government over moves to ramp up exports of coal-fired power technology and to offer cheap loans to lure buyers, according to a U.S. source with direct knowledge of the matter. Japan's shipments of the equipment soared to nearly $8 billion last year as it looks to boost infrastructure exports, defying U.S. calls for developed nations to stop investment in foreign coal projects to curb greenhouse gas emissions. While the issue is unlikely to blow up...
EU emissions target isn't as ambitious as it seems
New Scientist: It sounds bold and ambitious. European Union leaders last night signed off on an agreement to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 40 per cent by 2030. But climate scientists are wary of applauding the plan.
For one thing, the target is a cut of 40 per cent compared with greenhouse gas emissions in 1990 - nearly 25 years ago. Since then, the EU has made cuts of almost 20 per cent, mainly through burning less coal and outsourcing heavy industries to developing countries. So it is virtually halfway there...
Environmentalists don't like Europe's new climate plan. Can Obama do better?
Mother Jones: Environmental groups are warning that a new European agreement to slash greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030 sets the bar far too low.
The pact--which was reached early Friday in Brussels--makes the European Union the first major bloc of countries to commit to emissions targets ahead of next year's crucial climate change talks in Paris. At the Paris meeting, world leaders will attempt to hammer out a global agreement that will keep warming below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit)....
Environment, climate unlikely to tip scales on Election Day
Greenwire: Climate change and the environment aren't likely to be the dominant factors swaying midterm races across the country next month.
That's according to recent polls gauging voters' priorities when they head to the polls on Election Day. It hasn't stopped some candidates and donors from seizing on the issues with the hope that they could tip the scales in some pivotal races where the environment is a hot-button issue, but at the national level, climate change and environmental issues are taking a...