Executive Secretary, Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS)
• Executive Secretary, Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS). The Sahara and Sahel Observatory is an independent international organization based in Tunisia and is comprised of African and European countries, regional and international organizations, and representatives of civil society;
• Chair, Speaker, and Participant, “Integrated Development and Climate policies: how to realize benefits at national and international levels”, Development and Climate Project Workshop, Paris (September 20-22, 2006);
• Dr. Sokona has participated in many international events regarding the subjects of climate change, desertification, and biodiversity. He speaks regularly to international organizations such as UNFCCC, UNESCO, and UNDP, particularly on the effects of climate change on Africa and he participated in follow-ups to the Rio process;
• Coordinator, Energy Programme and Executive Secretary for International Relations, Environement and Développement du Tiers Monde (ENDA-TM), based in Dakar, Senegal (1982 – 2003); and
• Professor, “Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Bamako” (National Engineering School, Bamako, Mali).
AWARDS, BOARD MEMBERSHIPS AND AFFILIATIONS:
• Member, Technical Advisory Group of the joint UNDP/World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistant Programme (present);
• Board Member, International Institute for Environment and Development (present); and
• Board Member, Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (present).
• “Econole Nationale Supérieure des Mines” (Paris); and
• University of Pierre et Marie Curie (PhD, Engineering and Sciences of the Earth).
Top 500 companies' carbon emissions rise despite calls for cuts
Guardian: Greenhouse gas emissions by the world?s top 500 companies rose 3.1% from 2010 to 2013, far off the cuts urged by the United Nations to limit global warming, a study showed on Monday.
The top 500 firms by capitalisation accounted for 13.8% of world greenhouse gas emissions and 28% of gross domestic product in 2013, according to the report, drawn up by the information provider Thomson Reuters and BSD Consulting, a global sustainability consultancy.
?Almost all of us use products from these companies,?...
Global warming will cut wheat yields, research shows
Guardian: Global wheat yields are likely to fall significantly as climate change takes hold, new research has shown .
The researchers found that wheat production would fall by 6% for every 1C increase in temperatures. The world is now nearly certain to warm by up to 2C compared with pre-industrial levels, with political efforts concentrated on holding the potential temperature rise to no higher than that limit. But some analyses suggest that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow at current rates...
Australia: Climate Change Authority questions efficiency & effectiveness of Emissions Reduction Fund
Sydney Morning Herald: The government's Climate Change Authority has questioned the efficiency and effectiveness of the Emissions Reduction Fund, the centre piece of the Coalition's controversial "Direct Action" climate policy, and says the scheme is unlikely to deliver on long-standing emissions reduction targets.
The authority, charged with providing independent advice on climate-change policy, warned the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF) risked paying large amounts to polluters for emission reductions that would have...
Shape-shifting may help some species cope with climate change
ScienceDaily: Researchers have found that a Rocky Mountain mustard plant alters its physical appearance and flowering time in response to different environmental conditions, suggesting some species can quickly shape-shift to cope with climate change without having to migrate or evolve. The findings appear in the journal Global Change Biology. The study was conducted by researchers from Dartmouth College and the University of South Carolina at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory. Scientists studying climate...
Strong Pacific Trade Help Combat a Warming World
Nature World: According to a new study Mother Nature is trying to fight climate change alongside us, with strong Pacific trade winds helping to prevent an increasingly warming world.
The chemical changes in corals helped reveal the link between weak tropical Pacific trade winds and warmer global temperatures (1910-1940). In contrast, when this natural pattern shifted and winds gained their strength back, the warming slowed down, as seen after 1940.
"Strong winds in the tropical Pacific are playing a role...
Another threat from climate change: bad-tasting shrimp
LA Times: Some of the consequences of climate change are obvious -- shrinking polar ice caps, rising sea levels, more damaging floods -- and some are subtle. Among the latter, we can now add bad-tasting seafood.
So concludes a team of researchers led by Sam Dupont of the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, recently published in the Journal of Shellfish Research. They tested shrimp raised for three weeks in seawater of average pH versus shrimp raised in acidic waters, similar to conditions that may prevail...
Temp rising faster in Finland than anywhere else
Agence France-Presse: Temperatures in Finland rose almost twice as fast as in the rest of the world over the past 166 years, meteorologists said Monday, supporting claims global warming hits higher altitudes hardest.
Since 1847 "the average temperature in Finland has risen by more than two degrees," the Finnish Meteorological Institute said.
"During the observation period, the average increase was 0.14 degrees per decade, which is nearly twice as much as the global average."
The meteorologists based their statement...
Climate adaptation costs to soar
Observer: The cost of adaptation to climate change is likely to go up by two to three times of the estimated $70 to $100 billion by 2050, a recent United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report says.
These estimates were based on the two degrees rise in global temperatures.
Released at the crucial climate talks in the Peruvian capital of Lima on December 05, the UNEP Adaptation Gap Report suggests that there will be a significant funding gap after 2020 unless additional finance is availed.