Former Finance, External Affairs Minister, India
• Former Finance, External Affairs Minister of India;
• Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Surface Transport;
• Under Secretary and Deputy Secretary in the Finance Department of the Bihar Government;
• First Secretary (Commercial) in the Indian Embassy, Bonn, Germany (1971-1973);
• Consul General of India in Frankfurt (1973-1974);
• Ministry of Commerce as Deputy Secretary to the Government of India;
• Joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1960; and
• Political Science Professor at Patna University (1958-1960).
Patna University (Masters Degree in Political Science, 1958).
Without passing single law, Obama crafts bold environmental plan
Age: President Barack Obama could leave office with the most aggressive, far-reaching environmental legacy of any previous occupant of the White House. Yet it is very likely that not a single major environmental law will have passed during his two terms in Washington.
Instead, Obama has turned to the vast reach of the Clean Air Act of 1970, which some legal experts call the most powerful environmental law in the world. Faced with a Congress that has shut down his attempts to push through an environmental...
How could man intervene to change the climate?
BBC: Imagine the trouble that would ensue if China resorted to desperate measures to cool its climate but the result was that the Indian Monsoon suddenly failed.
Or that India tried to head off a rise in temperatures only to find that Pakistan suffered from massive flooding.
Or that the United States took drastic action to fight global warming and then saw that great tracts of Africa were suddenly left without any rain.
These are some of the nightmare scenarios conjured up by the latest thinking...
UN climate change deal must have legally binding targets, says EU
Guardian: An international deal on global warming must have legally binding targets, Europe will argue at a UN climate summit in Peru next week.
The Lima conference is intended to deliver the first draft of an accord to cut carbon emissions and stave off dangerous climate change, which is expected to be signed at a UN conference in Paris next year.
Speaking on condition of anonymity, a senior EU official in Brussels said that the bloc had not abandoned its position that any agreement on emissions cuts...
Reef Erosion With Acidity: A 'Double Whammy'
Nature World: Here's something you may not have known: tropical coral reefs are constantly building up and breaking down. In healthy ecosystems, the building will outpace the breakdown, keeping reefs growing and sturdy even as their erosion feeds predators (like worms and the unusual parrotfish).
However, in recent years, researchers have begun to worry that in the wake of elevated levels of ocean acidity our reefs are eroding faster than they can grow.
Extensive records have shown that one of the most iconic...
Africa hopes Lima meeting will re-energize climate talks
Deutsche Welle: At the upcoming UN climate change meeting in Lima (COP 20), African groups are hoping that progress can be made towards the goal of reducing harmful greenhouse gas emissions. COP 20 - the acronym for the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - begins in Lima, Peru, on December 1, 2014. It is seen by environmental experts as a crucial springboard to COP 21 in Paris a year later, where it is hoped a binding and universal agreement on limiting the effects...
What's At Stake in Lima Climate Talks
Climate Central: It's nearly time for a reboot on global climate action.
The Kyoto Protocol of 2008 through 2012 succeeded in introducing the world to the concept of coordinated climate action. Aside from creating a weak European carbon market, however, it did little to actually ratchet greenhouse gas levels. Nations that met their obligations under the protocol did so with the help of economic downturns. The U.S. never ratified the pact. Canada eventually withdrew, avoiding repercussions for the climate-changing...
China Pledges to Honor Emission-Cut Commitments
Beijing Review: The UN Climate Conference in Lima comes on the heels of China and the U.S. reaching a major agreement on climate change at the APEC Summit in Beijing earlier this month.
As part of that deal, the Chinese side has agreed to cap its carbon-emission growth by 2030, on top of generating one-fifth of its power through renewable sources by that same time.
"It's 16 years before 2030. There will be many uncertainties ahead, including economic and social development and resources. I believe the goal...
How Government Spying Undermines Climate Action
EcoWatch: Unless you?ve been living in a hole in the ground or in a galaxy far, far away you won?t have missed media revelations about government security services snooping on our every communication.
Personal phone calls and e-mails are among the data routinely scooped up and stored for possible later scrutiny. It makes a mockery of the notion of personal privacy.
As private citizens we express, or suppress, our outrage and get on with our day-to-day lives. We call, text and mail our nearest and dearest...