Former Finance, External Affairs Minister, India
• Former Finance, External Affairs Minister of India;
• Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Surface Transport;
• Under Secretary and Deputy Secretary in the Finance Department of the Bihar Government;
• First Secretary (Commercial) in the Indian Embassy, Bonn, Germany (1971-1973);
• Consul General of India in Frankfurt (1973-1974);
• Ministry of Commerce as Deputy Secretary to the Government of India;
• Joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1960; and
• Political Science Professor at Patna University (1958-1960).
Patna University (Masters Degree in Political Science, 1958).