Former Prime Minister of Finland
• Prime Minister of Finland (1995-2003);
• Speaker of the Parliament of Finland (2003-2007);
• Chairman of the Finnish Social Democratic Party (1993-2005);
• Member of the Parliament of Finland;
• Secretary to Prime Minister Mauno Koivisto (1979-1982);
• Various posts in the Social Democratic Party organization (1967-1979); and
• Freelance reporter for the Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE) (1965–1967).
• Lyceum of Kuopio (Degree, 1959);
• Dartmouth College; and
• University of Helsinki in (Masters, International Politics, 1971).
Arctic Is Warming Twice As Fast As Anyplace Else On Earth
National Public Radio: The latest word from scientists studying the Arctic is that the polar region is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. And researchers say the trend isn't letting up. That's the latest from the 2014 Arctic Report Card - a compilation of recent research from more than 60 scientists in 13 countries. The report was released Wednesday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Jackie Richter-Menge, a polar scientist with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers who collaborated with...
With Unresolved Health Risks and Few Signs of an Economic Boon, Cuomo to Ban Gas Fracking
New York Times: After years of gauging the environmental, medical, economic and political risks of hydraulic fracturing, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo is moving to ban this method of extracting natural gas from shale deposits in New York State.
[Update, 9:30 p.m. | See the end of the post for an excerpt from the state health study that underpinned the decision.]
It had been clear for years, as I wrote in 2012, that there was little political or economic impetus to act quickly, even though I felt (and still am convinced)...
Persistent Warming Drives Big Arctic Changes
Scientific American: Not every year can be a record setter in the Arctic. But records are only one small piece of a larger puzzle that shows persistent change in the Arctic. And that change hasn't slowed according to this year's Arctic Report Card released at the American Geophysical Union's Fall Meeting on Wednesday.
Long-term trends in rising temperatures, spiraling sea ice loss, and ecosystem shifts paint a picture of a region in transition due to climate change that is transpiring at a much faster rate than the...
Great Lakes pollution no longer driven airborne sources; land, rivers now bigger factors
ScienceDaily: A chemical oceanographer at the University of Rhode Island who measured organic pollutants in the air and water around Lake Erie and Lake Ontario has found that airborne emissions are no longer the primary cause of the lakes' contamination. Instead, most of the lakes' chemical pollutants come from sources on land or in rivers.
According to Rainer Lohmann, professor of chemical oceanography at the URI Graduate School of Oceanography, water quality in the Great Lakes has been slowly improving for...
Global carbon dioxide emissions increase to new all-time record, but growth slowing down
ScienceDaily: 2013 saw global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and cement production reach a new all-time high. This was mainly due to the continuing steady increase in energy use in emerging economies over the past ten years. However, emissions increased at a notably slower rate (2%) than on average in the last ten years (3.8% per year since 2003, excluding the credit crunch years).
This slowdown, which began in 2012, signals a further decoupling of global emissions and economic growth, which reflects mainly...
'Creeping humanitarian crisis' in Central America? Droughts lead crop loss
Christian Science Monitor: On Friday, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) warned that 2.5 million people in Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador had been forced into conditions of food insecurity.
The drought in the three countries is ?turning into a creeping humanitarian crisis?, Jens Laerke, spokesman for the UN?s humanitarian agency, told reporters in Geneva.
Subsistence farmers, farm labourers and low-income families were especially at risk, with young children and pregnant...
Washington governor proposes cap on carbon pollution
Associated Press: Washington Gov. Jay Inslee on Wednesday proposed an ambitious cap-and-trade program to require the state's largest industrial polluters to pay for every ton of carbon they release.
The proposal was part of a broader package that the Democrat said would help the state meet a 2008 mandate to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions blamed for global warming. It sets an overall limit on heat-trapping gases similar to a program that California launched nearly three years ago.
"It is primarily...
Pictures: Alaska's Wondrous Bristol Bay
National Geographic: President Barack Obama announced Tuesday that he is taking Bristol Bay "off the bidders block" to protect the pristine southwestern area of Alaska from oil and gas interests.
"It is a beautiful national wonder," Obama said in a video address from the White House. "It's something that's too precious for us to just be putting out to the highest bidder."
The presidential moratorium to protect Bristol Bay from oil and gas development follows actions taken earlier this year by the government to...