Secretary General, Iberoamericana
• Secretary General, Iberoamericana;
• Inter-american Development Bank, Former President;
• Minister of Foreign Relations (1985-1988);
• Executive Secretary of the U.N. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) (1972-1985);
• Secretary General of the U.N. Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy, held in Kenya in 1981; and
• Chairman of the conference that launched the Uruguay Round of international trade negotiations in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in 1986.
• Uruguay’s Universidad de la República in Economics and Business Administration (1953); and
• Specialized programs of study in the United States and France.
World must cut pollution to save marine life, study warns
Agence France-Press: If left unchecked, global warming will cause irreversible damage to marine life in the world's oceans, forcing fish to search for cooler waters and destroying valuable coral reefs, an international study said Thursday.
Keeping global average temperatures within two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures is the only way to stave off the worst effects of climate change on the Earth's oceans, which provide 90 percent of the planet's habitable space, said the study in the journal Science....
Republican governors signal their intent to thwart Obama?s climate rules
New York Times: As President Obama prepares to complete sweeping regulations aimed at tackling climate change, at least five Republican governors, including two presidential hopefuls, say they may refuse to carry out the rules in their states. The resistance threatens to ignite a fierce clash between federal and state authorities, miring the climate rules in red tape for years. The fight could also undermine Mr. Obama?s efforts to urge other nations to enact similar plans this year as part of a major United Nations...
Coastal Alaska natives face ?some of highest shoreline erosion in the world'
Washington Post: They already knew climate change was changing their lives for the worse.
The ice the Iņupiat people used for centuries to hunt bowhead whales on a fragile barrier island on the Chukchi Sea had thinned so much that hunting was too risky. Ice melted by high temperatures from climate change made flooding part of their way of life. State and federal officials have seriously considered moving their entire village inland. But no one had a full assessment of the threat.
Now the U.S. Geological Survey...
Solar Impulse lands in Hawaii longest non-stop solo flight in history
Guardian: A solar plane attempting the world?s first flight around the globe has landed in Hawaii, after breaking the record for the longest non-stop solo flight in history.
Solar Impulse 2, piloted by the Swiss pilot André Borschberg, took off from Nagoya in Japan at 3am on Monday, for the five-day crossing of the Pacific Ocean, the riskiest leg of its journey.
At 72 hours into the seventh leg of its 22,000-mile circumnavigation, Borschberg broke the endurance record for a solo flight.
Global warming may threaten shellfish industries
ScienceDaily: Climate change models predict that sea temperatures will rise significantly, including in the tropics. In these areas, rainfall is also predicted to increase, reducing the salt concentration of the surface layer of the sea. Together, these changes would dramatically affect the microscopic communities of bacteria and plankton that inhabit the oceans, impacting species higher up the food chain. Worryingly, future conditions may favour disease-causing bacteria and plankton species which produce toxins,...
People power has shut the doors on fracking in UK
Guardian: Attempts to create a commercially viable fracking industry in the UK were dealt fresh blows this week, with the refusal of planning permission for a key site, and the revelation of an unpublished government report showing fracking could cause falls to people?s house values.
The setbacks, cheered by jubilant anti-fracking campaigners, highlight the struggles that fracking backers still face in the UK, where for several years the pioneering Cuadrilla has been trying to drill gas wells, now joined...
Anti-fracking Nanas: 'The government is all out for shale ? we're all out to stop it'
Guardian: If the two security guards had been awake, they probably wouldn?t have believed their eyes. Twenty-five women aged between 25 and 60, in yellow tabards and matching Hilda Ogden headscarves, vaulting a gate in order to occupy the Blackpool field that the energy company Cuadrilla had paid the guards to mind.
?Everything went smoothly, except for the logistical bits we left to the fellas,? said hairdresser Anjie Mosher, one of the group known as the Nanas, who have become the frontline against fracking...
New coal plants 'most urgent' threat to the planet, warns OECD head
Guardian: Governments must rethink plans for new coal-fired power plants around the world, as these are now the ?most urgent? threat to the future of the planet, the head of the OECD has warned.
In unusually strong terms for the organisation ? best known as a club of the world?s richest countries ? its secretary general Angel Gurria, told governments to think ?twice, or three, or four times? before allowing new coal-fired plants to go ahead.
?They will still be emitting years from now,? he warned. As...