Issues of competitiveness and intellectual property rights have impeded the transfer of clean technologies to developing countries. Given the long life of energy infrastructure—many capital investments last up to 40-50 years—it is essential that clean energy technologies are made as widely available as possible. A global research fund should support energy technology research programs for developing nations.
In addition, issues of competitiveness and intellectual property rights have impeded the consideration of concessional terms for the transfer of clean technologies to developing countries, and the full utilization of knowledge. Yet it is important to all countries that clean energy technologies are made as widely available as possible (like generic medicines for HIV-AIDS, for example). It may also be beneficial to conduct research and demonstrate technology such as solar thermal and coal gasification in the South. The global research fund proposed in the previous section could either pay for patents or for licensing fees to enable cleaner technologies to be deployed in the South.
Question for GLCA:
-How should flexible intellectual property and competitiveness rules be designed to allow for innovation and increased collaboration on clean energy technologies between developed and developing countries?
-How should the incremental costs of cleaner technologies in developing countries be supported or financed?
Saving Nemo: How climate change threatens anemonefish and their homes
The Conversation: Anemonefish, or clownfish, were made famous by the 2003 Disney-Pixar film Finding Nemo, and are about to play a starring role in the sequel, Finding Dory. They are well known for their special relationship with anemones, which provide a safe place to call home.
But anemonefish face a number of threats. Some researchers have warned of an increase in the wild-caught anemonefish trade, as happened following Finding Nemo.
Anemones, on which anemonefish depend, are threatened by warming seas in...
Great Barrier Reef doomed but our dome will save us
WAToday: The Great Barrier Reef is almost certainly doomed. But that's OK, because our own doom is only probable, not certain. It will die before we do. It will die because of us. But we are such a resourceful, inventive, endlessly self-seeking species that we might yet survive the catastrophe we have visited upon the planet. Maybe in domes.
Yes, huge city-sized domes with a Soylent Green stall on every corner. That would be cool.
The reef is not part of that future though. Like the lake districts of...
Great Barrier Reef may never rebound to previous health: Scientists
Sydney Morning Herald: The Great Barrier Reef is unlikely to recover fully from the huge bleaching event that has killed off more than half its corals in some northern reefs as temperatures rise, scientists say.
Research, including by Tracy Ainsworth from James Cook University, has found that corals have natural mechanisms helping them to acclimatise to rising sea-level temperatures and avoid bleaching.
Coral reefs may be losing their natural ability to acclimatise.
Photo: Zoe Richards
However, the ability...
Extreme weather increasing level of toxins in food, scientists warn
Reuters: As they struggle to deal with more extreme weather, a range of food crops are generating more of chemical compounds that can cause health problems for people and livestock who eat them, scientists have warned.
A new report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) says that crops such as wheat and maize are generating more potential toxins as a reaction to protect themselves from extreme weather.
But these chemical compounds are harmful to people and animals if consumed for a prolonged...
Antarctic seas defy global warming thanks to chill from the deep
Reuters: A persistent chill in the ocean off Antarctica that defies the global warming blamed for melting Arctic ice at the other end of the planet is caused by cold waters welling up from the depths after hundreds of years, scientists said on Monday.
The Southern Ocean off Antarctica may be among the last places on Earth to feel the impact of man-made climate change, with a lag of centuries to affect waters emerging from up to 5,000 meters (16,000 ft) deep, the U.S. study said.
Many people who doubt...
British Columbia floods could be Canada's most costly natural disaster: Study
Canadian Press: A new study says the risk of a devastating flood in British Columbia's Lower Mainland is increasing due to rising sea levels and other impacts of climate change.
The Fraser Basin Council says a major flood along the coast or the Fraser River could be the most costly natural disaster in Canadian history, with potential losses of about $32 billion.
The group says in its report that flood risks are projected to worsen over the next 85 years, both in size and frequency.
The report notes dikes...
Warming of Indian Ocean hits rainfall over central India
Decan Chronicle: Warming of western Indian Ocean due to climate change is affecting southwest monsoon rainfall over central India. It is decreasing by 1.49 mm per day per year.
This connection has been established in a recently published paper by S. Vishnu Nair, a research scholar from Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad.
Mr Nair in his paper has established a link between the warming of the western Indian Ocean, decreasing trend in monsoon depressions (MD) forming over...
Japan isolated as G7 eyes tougher climate change targets
Climate Home: Last year?s G7 in Germany marked a turning point in the run up to the historic Paris climate summit.
For the first time a completely fossil-fuel free economy was talked about by world leaders.
The transition from high to zero carbon energy sources moved from the civil society wish-list onto the headlines of a communiqué at a major summit.
It was too much to hope that Japan would show the same level of drive this year, and so it proved. Their homework list on climate is solid but unspectacular,...