Issues of competitiveness and intellectual property rights have impeded the transfer of clean technologies to developing countries. Given the long life of energy infrastructure—many capital investments last up to 40-50 years—it is essential that clean energy technologies are made as widely available as possible. A global research fund should support energy technology research programs for developing nations.
In addition, issues of competitiveness and intellectual property rights have impeded the consideration of concessional terms for the transfer of clean technologies to developing countries, and the full utilization of knowledge. Yet it is important to all countries that clean energy technologies are made as widely available as possible (like generic medicines for HIV-AIDS, for example). It may also be beneficial to conduct research and demonstrate technology such as solar thermal and coal gasification in the South. The global research fund proposed in the previous section could either pay for patents or for licensing fees to enable cleaner technologies to be deployed in the South.
Question for GLCA:
-How should flexible intellectual property and competitiveness rules be designed to allow for innovation and increased collaboration on clean energy technologies between developed and developing countries?
-How should the incremental costs of cleaner technologies in developing countries be supported or financed?
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